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http://worldcat.org/entity/work/id/46256717

Agriculture-based renewable energy production

"Since the late 1970s, U.S. policy makers at both the federal and state levels have enacted a variety of incentives, regulations, and programs to encourage the production and use of agriculture-based renewable energy. Motivations cited for these legislative initiatives include energy security concerns, reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, and raising domestic demand for U.S.-produced farm products."--P. 2.

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  • "CRS report for Congress"
  • "Agriculture based renewable energy production"

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  • "Since the late 1970s, U.S. policy makers at both the federal and state levels have enacted a variety of incentives, regulations, and programs to encourage the production and use of agriculture-based renewable energy. Motivations cited for these legislative initiatives include energy security concerns, reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, and raising domestic demand for U.S.-produced farm products. Agricultural households and rural communities have responded to these government incentives and have expanded their production of renewable energy primarily in the form of biofuels and wind power, every year since 1996. The production of ethanol (the primary biofuel produced by the agricultural sector) has risen from about 175 million gallons in 19870 to nearly 4.9 billion gallons per year in 2006. The U.S. ethanol production capacity has also been expanding rapidly, particularly since mid-2006, with important implications for the food and fuel sectors. Current ethanol production capacity is 5.6 billion gallons per year (February 28, 2007), with another 6.2 billion galls of capacity under construction and potentially online by late 2008. Biodiesel production is at a much smaller level, but has also shown growth rising from 0.5 million gallons in 1999 to an estimated 200 million gallons in 2006. Wind energy systems production capacity has also grown rapidly, rising from 1,706 megawatts in 1997 to an estimated 11,603 megawatts by December 31, 2006. Despite this rapid growth, agriculture- and rural-based energy production accounted for only about 0.7% of total U.S. energy consumption in 2006. Key points that emerge from this report are (1) substantial federal and state programs and incentives have facilitated development of agriculture's renewable energy production capacity; (2) rising fossil fuel prices improve renewable energy's market competitiveness, whereas higher costs for feedstock and plant operating fuel (e.g., natural gas) dampen profitability; (3) technological improvements for biofuel production (e.g., cellulosic conversion) enhance its economic competitiveness with fossil fuels; (4) farm-based energy production is unlikely to substantially reduce the nation's dependence on petroleum imports unless there is a significant decline in energy consumption; and (5) ethanol-driven higher corn prices have raised concerns from corn users over rising food and feed costs, as well as the potential for increased soil erosion and chemical usage from substantially expanded corn production. This report provides background information on farm-based energy production and how this fits into the national energy-use picture. It briefly reviews the primary agriculture-based renewable energy types and issues of concern associated with their production, particularly their economic and energy efficiencies and long-run supply. Finally, this report examines the major legislation related to farm-based energy production and use."
  • ""Since the late 1970s, U.S. policy makers at both the federal and state levels have enacted a variety of incentives, regulations, and programs to encourage the production and use of agriculture-based renewable energy. Motivations cited for these legislative initiatives include energy security concerns, reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, and raising domestic demand for U.S.-produced farm products."--P. 2."@en

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  • "Electronic books"@en

http://schema.org/name

  • "Agriculture-based renewable energy production"
  • "Agriculture-based renewable energy production"@en